Normally, One-half of the chromosomes come from the mother and the other half from the father.
To do this, pieces of the chromosome pairs split so that the baby receives genetic material from each parent.
In chromosome translocations, some sections of chromosomes change their geographical position without any loss or gain of important.
In translocation, there is no loss of genetic material, the chromosomes sections are simply joined at the wrong position.
Since the number of chromosomes is correct, but a portion of one of the chromosomes has attached incorrectly, it is referred to as a balanced translocation.